Health Care Issues in the United States

1242 Words Aug 16th, 2011 5 Pages
Assignment #1 – Health Care Issues in the United States
July 17, 2011

Because the United States spends the most on a health care system, one would think that most people in the U.S. would be healthy. This is not the case. Surprisingly, the United States does not have a particularly high life expectancy rate. Within this paper I will discuss heath issues in the United States including how heath effects behavior, economics, and social structure. I will also include key stages of medical technology development and population demographics.
Explain how health is affected by behaviors, economics, and social structure. Statistical data and reports show social behavior, economic status, and social structure are important determinants of
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Those who live in poorer communities often suffer from greater ill health while those living in deprived areas are often without access to the best health care. This lack of prevention stems from poor education often received in those areas and the culture that often permeates within them.
Describe the three stages of medical technology development. One technological change that may have the largest effect on our lives today is the rapid growth of medical technology development. Three main effects that medical technology has impacted our modern society are prolonging lifespan, improving quality of health care and promoting nation’s economic growth. The three stages of medical technology are review by regulatory agencies, technology assessments by insurance carriers, and review by purchasers, clinicians, and consumers. Review by regulatory agencies is the most recognized of the three stages and is administered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health by regulating pharmaceutical products and medical devices. Each product must go through a series of approvals, clinical trials, and post market surveillance protocols in order to ensure its safety and effectiveness. www.nap.edu The second stage of medical technology addresses the payment made by health insurance companies for health services rendered. This