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Health Care Models Across the Globe Essay

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Johnson, J. & Stoskopf, C. (2008). Comparative health systems: Global perspectives for the 21st century. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Johnson and Stoskopf discuss in detail the complexities involved in creating health policies in developed and undeveloped countries. The authors explain that because of imperfect market conditions, or political priorities, governments, and other social organizations, have found it necessary to intervene in the provision of health care to its people. The authors also believe that at a fundamental level, health policy making is a political process that involves both governmental and nongovernmental, individuals and organizations, and inevitably leads to cost-quality “tradeoffs.” Irrespective of the type
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The authors also believe that health care policy makers must consider both the micro and macro level. Individuals and other organizations are included at the micro level, but in the marketplace model of policy making, it cannot be assumed that government will protect these smaller groups. At a macro level, policy making is the continual evolution of an existing complex system. This system’s model of policy is cyclical, with a process of six continuous stages, including: Recognition of inputs, policy formulation, policy outputs, implementation, outcomes, and feedback and subsequent modifications. In conclusion, Johnson and Stoskopf concede that is not clear how the differing nations of the world are going to meet the health systems challenges of the future. They concede that health rationing may be inevitable, especially in developed countries, but, all nations have to decide who lives and who dies at some level.
Webster, R., Lacey, J., & Quine, S. (2007). Palliative Care: A Public Health Priority in Developing Countries. Journal Of Public Health Policy, 28(1), 28-39. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200097.
The aim of this article by Webster, Lacey and Quine, is to raise awareness among health care policy makers, and encourage debate on the provision of palliative care in developing countries. The majority of palliative care services are located in developed
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