Health Care Reform And The Underinsured

1747 WordsSep 22, 20147 Pages
Health Care Reform and the Underinsured Health Care reform is a major topic of discussion in today’s society, especially with the relatively novel release of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) by the Obama administration. Historically, the health care system has disproportionally favored those of higher class and income, resulting in diminished health care for those that could not afford it. The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) 2002 report, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, states that a lack of insurance substantially contributes to the proliferation of healthcare disparities. Furthermore, racial and ethnic minorities are most subject to these healthcare disparities because they are significantly more likely to be uninsured. (1) The history of health care reform in the United States, as it pertains to under-insured urban populations, will be discussed, with a specific emphasis on its impact on African-Americans; in addition, the modern resolutions to healthcare disparities will be assessed. The 17th century was one of discovery. It was when British settlers first arrived to North America and established the first North American colony. The US was non-existent and it would take over a century for colonists to gain independence from Britain. Tracing it back to its roots, America was founded by and populated by immigrants; however, nearly 300 years after the first settlers arrived, there is still a gross
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