Health Care for Migrant Farm Workers Essay

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Although agriculture is one of the most hazardous jobs in the United States, there is a huge gap in healthcare for those that work in the industry. Due to the large migrant and seasonal worker population, especially those from Mexico, it is a hard population to reach when it comes to healthcare needs. Fear, language barriers and cultural norms are all barriers that need to be addressed for this special population. “(Holmes 2011) Agriculture is one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States. In 2000, there were 780 deaths and 130,000 disabling injuries in agriculture. The only industry that had more deaths was construction, with 1,220.”(Hansen and Donohoe 2003) “Migrant workers face numerous barriers to medical care, including…show more content…
These results are useful for targeting injury prevention efforts and future research needs for this unique worker population.” (Wang, Myers et al. 2011) Those that experience food insecurity and hunger are at an increased risk for occupational injury and illness when compared to those that were food secure. (Borre, Ertle et al. 2010)Food insecurity by definition is the “lack of access at all times to enough food for an active and healthy lifestyle due to socioeconomic and environmental barriers.” Hunger is the “lack of access to sufficient food and eating regularly to prevent both stomach pain and the desire to eat.”(Borre, Ertle et al. 2010) Out of the study participants, 63.8% were found to be food insecure and 34.7% of those experienced hunger. (Borre, Ertle et al. 2010)In addition to studying food insecurity and hunger, this paper also looked at the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the children of these farm workers. The majority of interviewed participants cited that they were concerned about obesity and the related health problems. It was found that food secure families were more likely to have children with overweight and obesity than those families that were food insecure. This study illustrates the extreme health disparities related to diet in the MSFW population that needs to be addressed. The Migrant Head Start Program, a health promotion program in North
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