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Health Empowerment Model

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Objective: This study aims to provide a thorough empirical test of the assumptions of the Health Empowerment Model (Schulz & Nakamoto, 2013) that advocates that health literacy and empowerment are independent concepts, the effects of which on health outcomes are deeply intertwined.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 302 participants between June and December 2015. The participants’ health literacy, empowerment and current health status was assessed.
Results: The findings confirm that health literacy and empowerment are independent concepts. The participants having a high level of patient empowerment and concurrent adequate health literacy reported the best health status. By contrast, the highly empowered respondents
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