Health Hazards : A Structural Model Of Health Behavior

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Negative health outcomes plague most cities; things such as pollution, lack of exercise, and poor access to food effect most residents of cities. However, these things disproportionately affect minority groups living within cities. In the United States minority groups are often disadvantaged economically and as such tend to live in less desirable neighborhoods. These neighborhoods are typically near sources of pollution and the houses therein are old and may have lead paint or plumbing and electrical systems that aren’t update to date. Lead paint, lead pipes, and mold are all examples of health hazards lurking in the homes in inner cities. In the case of natural disasters these disparities become even more apparent. According to “A…show more content…
People were trapped. Trapped due to lack of resources to get out in time. Trapped because they were unaware that they were in danger (Burby). The greatest cause of this was racial; minorities didn’t have the economic ability to protect themselves. New Orleans has been segregated almost since its founding as a French colony. After the land was sold to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase the patterns of distinct ethnic segregation arose. The wealthiest, white elites lived in the center of the city in the higher lands; and in the areas of higher risk nonwhite Creoles, who were not as well as whites but as poorly off as free blacks, settled. In the post American Civil War era many recently freed blacks flocked to New Orleans for the economic opportunities there. Many black people worked on the docks or as domestics for the affluent white people in the upper city, as such, it was convenient to settle along the river which as within walking distance of both the docks and the homes of the wealthy inhabitants of the city (Campanella). As the city developed into a modern metropolis the original patterns remained in place and contributed to the outcomes of Hurricane Katrina. Prior to the storm it was known that the land being built on was not safe or fit for development. The government encouraged this development by making it “safe” to build on and by subsidizing building projects there
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