Health Inequality Within Communities

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Introduction Public health as it is implicated in the lives of the community – it is important to conceptualise what this might mean. Moreover, public health has seen as a multidiscipline perspective in which it can be defined on many levels, and I find that it could be elusive to understand its meaning. By simple understanding of public health, I refer to an approach derived by Winslow (1920) and Baggott (2000). In some way, public health is seen as a modern philosophical and ideological perspective based on ‘equity’ and aimed to determine inequitable in society. It seen as a ‘science’ and ‘art’ in the sense that it deals with the cause of disease, treatment of illness as well as it involves laboratory experiments, intervention and…show more content…
Also, archaeology evidence shows that in Egyptian and Incas was recognised the essential of urban planning, sanitation improvement and also they involved in promoting ‘the value good diet and hygiene among their people’ (Inglis, 1965). Romans were reflected on environment improvement such as sanitation and designing clean water supply. However, the scheme was not benefited poor community and this led the outbreak of epidemic such as smallpox and plague across the Europe. It was not treated until the work of Edward Jennert who discovered the cowpox vaccination for protection against smallpox. In the 19th century public health administration was transformed and a Board of Health in the big city such as Manchester was created in the 1796. Also, the work of John Howard plays a crucial role in understanding the transformation of public health within prison institute. The prison reform movement was emerged and campaigners began to examine the cause of disease such as Typhus in jails and identified possible means of preventing illness through improving hygiene, ventilation and sanitation as well as segregation of sick and health prisoners (Baggott, 2000, p. 16). We see also the work John Snow (physician) who discovered the polluted public water Well as a source of outbreak disease such as cholera in the poor areas in London. This was the starting point of epidemiology
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