Essay about Health Issues, Sociological Theories and Classism

734 Words 3 Pages
Outlined within this essay are two sociological theories which have been investigated this will be in conjunction with a contemporary health issue. This then will be related to how the individual’s lifestyle and social class to give the reader a better understanding of this health issue.

Functionalism perspective will be the first sociological theory reviewed. Functiolism is one of the earliest sociological perspectives Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) who was German developed ideas for the first time relating to functionalism.
Socialization occurs within this perspective, individuals learn the rules of a group, as this theory highlights all members of society has a role to play. Social class is not an issue with this theory although value
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In addition, they believe society is based upon rules whether we break the rules or not, this is deviance. Lastly Values and norms, which play a progressive role in explaining functionalism.
(Miller a et al 2005).

The next theory, which will be discussed, is Symbolic interaction this theory originated in the USA (Mead 1863-1931) his ideas were largely used throughout this perspective.
“In symbolic interactionism symbols are seen as the foundation upon which interactions are built” (Miller B et al 2005)
This theory concentrates on how human’s have emphany with other’s, this is when individuals put themselves in the shoes of others. This can also be known as role taking.
Symbolic interactionism is a two way process, this theory implies that others use symbols to communicate effectively with one another. It is also a way of how you
Express yourself to others. Meud believed even if their was no object in sight it can be imagined as the individual has learned to imagine this Object. An example associated with this theory is a handshake, which is a common gesture this is used to welcome however, in some cultures this would not mean anything as the individual doesn’t know the norms and values of the group.
Without the use of symbols their would be no human interaction and no human society.
Self-image also plays a part in explaining symbolic interactions; this is what others think of us.

The contemporary health issue identified
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