Health Issues in Africa

1611 Words Aug 26th, 2010 7 Pages
South Africa’s has what medical authorities regard as to one of the healthiest climates, in the world, a tradition of playing sports and enjoying an active, outdoor lifestyle, access to plenty of fresh fruit, and vegetables, and some of the planet’s cleanest air, it’s people isn’t as healthy as might be imagined. South Africa major health public concerns are HIV/AIDS, malaria, smoking related disease, and tuberculosis, just to name a few of them but all of which affect the non-white population more than the white; apart form these.
HIV/AIDS in Africa
The rise of sickness in Africa today is mainly caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the number one
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The second thing that can be done is to provide family members with HIV is to provide them with knowledge and resources - such as condoms that can help them stay uninfected. Children who have lost their parents due to AID may be in a particular need of support and care. Many organizations focus on providing care and support to AIDS orphan and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. This may involve in providing food and help with looking after siblings, or sick family members, and help to ensure that children are able to attend school. It is clear that much more needs to be done to help children and families affected by HIV/AID in resource-poor countries.
Malaria in Africa Malaria is a life threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through bites of infected mosquitoes. In 2008, malaria caused nearly one million deaths, mostly among African children but malaria is preventable and curable. In 2008 Africa, there were 247 million cases of malaria and nearly one million deaths –mostly children under the age of five. Malaria is a disease caused by the blood parasite Plasmodium, which is transmitted by mosquitoes. Malaria is only transmitted through female mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. Most female mosquitoes are nocturnal feeders (that is they only bite at night). Malaria is particularly devastating in Africa, where it is a leading killer in children. In fact, there are 10 new cases of malaria