Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

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Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations Shahla Tehrani Grand Canyon University Family-Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V Dana McKay May 1, 2015 Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations With the advancement of medical technology and increasing self awareness of both mental and physical well being, the health of most Americans has increasingly improved. However, the same cannot be said of the health of American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Health improvements for American Indians and Alaska Natives have not improved, with health disparities still existing in areas such as: infant mortality, chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma, obesity, cirrhosis and liver disease, arthritis, smoking, and cancer…show more content…
In addition to the healthcare available to all Americans, Native Americans have been provided health care through the division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services called the Indian Health Service (IHS) (Indian Health, n.d.). The IHS was created for American Indians and Alaskan Natives to aid in the lack of access to care and to offer health care services and oversee various medical programs for their direct needs (Indian Health, n.d.). However, research shows health disparities persist for American Indians and Native Americans compared to other ethnic and racial groups in the U.S. (Grossman, et al 2002). There are three levels of health care prevention in which the American Indians and Alaskan Natives can use to improve their common disparities. The primary level of prevention is used to prevent diseases or conditions from occurring. The second level of prevention is used to reduce the extent of a existing disease within a community or population, and the tertiary level of prevention is used to slow down the impact of a disease or illness that may have lasting effects. For this group of the minorities the primary prevention is most effective by preventive health implementations for individuals and communities through access to healthcare, immunization, nutrition information, tobacco cessation, and substance abuse, among many other preventive measures (Institute for Work,
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