Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations Essay

1170 Words Mar 12th, 2015 5 Pages
Whitney Scott
Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations
Nurs 429 V
March 21, 2015

Over the years the United States (US) has transformed from a predominately white population to being ethnically diverse. According to the 2010 US Census bureau states roughly 36.3 percent of its population belongs to a minority group. The minority groups represented in the US include; Alaska Native/ American Indian, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/ Latino, and Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander (NHPI). Health status and disparities vary with each group as does health promotion. After analyzing each specific minority group the author of this paper has chosen to focus on the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander
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Stanford School of Medicine’s report concluded that 32 percent of NHPI older adults reported to be in excellent health compared to 49 percent of White American older adults, also 50 percent of NHPI older adults reported being in fair health compared to 31 percent of older Caucasians. In regards to receiving preventative health care 70 percent of both the geriatric NHPI and the White American population reported getting an flu shot every year (Mau, 2010).
According to Women’s Health 2011 the national life expectancy for a baby born in 2008 is 77.8 years old. This report also shows that in 2009 nearly three hundred thousand women identified themselves as part of the NHPI group, of that number 20.7 percent reported being in fair to poor health versus the 13 percent of White American women. Finally the Office of Minority Health (OMH) reports in 2002 that the infant mortality deaths (per 1,000 live births) for Native Hawaiians were 9.6 which were higher than the rate for Asian Americans at 4.8.
Health Promotion Defined by NHPIs
According to Stanford School of Medicines report NHPIs three traditional beliefs Lokahi, Ohana, and Aloha/ Malama reflect their philosophy on health promotion as well. Lokahi means Balance and is referred to as the Lokahi triangle. They believe the three parts of the triangle are spiritual, physical, and mental and one can only be healthy when all three parts of a person are in harmony. The physical aspect of the triangle is not