Health Promotion Model

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Breathe Easy: A Health Promotion Model On Asthma Management In School Age (7-11 Year Old) Children


Health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (from WHO, 1946, in Park, 2005) and Health Promotion has been defined as an enterprise involving the development over time, in individuals and communities, of basic and positive states of and conditions for physical, mental and social health (Raeburn and Rootman, 1998, p.11). This idea of health promotion has been borne out of acceptance of the limitations of curative medicine and therefore, the need to 'refocus upstream' (Kemm and Close, 1995, p.7). And it is these principles we have adopted in the development
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Furthermore, the age and stage of development of primary school children provides a unique opportunity for health education (Perkins, et al, 1999, p.177).
It is therefore not surprising that asthma education and behavioural contingency plan in school aged children (7-11 years) has been shown to improve health outcomes (Burkhart, 2007). The role of the school based environment in improving outcomes has also been pointed out by Halterman et al, 2004.

Objectives of the Model
Health promotion has been defined as an enterprise at the heart of which are the two key concepts of development and empowerment. Therefore, in line with this and among others, the main objectives of our model include:

1. 1. Increasing asthma awareness among all school children and specifically helping asthmatics in the understanding of their condition and development of personal skills, eventually culminating in self-management. It is hoped that this will help to maximise the integration of children with asthma into all aspects of school and community life as advocated by Bury, et al. (2007).

3. 2. Creating supportive environment in schools, in line with the WHO's Settings Approach for health promotion. This involves the 'total environment' including the schools' physical environment; the development of health enhancing policies and the involvement of the school staff in health education programmes. (Nutbeam et aI, 1990). The aim of this
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