Health Promotion

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There have been a lot of changes in healthcare over the years. Traditionally, the healthcare system in the United States has been focused on caring for the sick and treating and preventing diseases. But a new standard has developed. Focus has now shifted to health promotion. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health promotion as the “process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.” Health promotion focuses on changes to a community as well as an individuals health by modifying their behaviors to strive for optimal health, which The American Journal of Health Promotion defines as being…show more content…
There are three levels of health promotion prevention. The first level of prevention is primary prevention. The main purpose is for individuals take a proactive approach through health promotion to decrease the risk of obtaining a disease before it occurs. The focus is on making individuals, families and communities aware of health related issues. An example would be an educational program with school-aged children. The program would be based on the effects of smoking, facts and myths about smoking, smokeless tobacco use, costs of smoking, advertising awareness, smoke free environment and advocacy (Tingen, Andrews & Stevenson, 2009). Nurses with evidenced based practice to inform children, as well as their parents, of the effects of smoking, conducted these programs and studies. Secondary level of health promotion is when an individual moves away from unhealthy behavior and the disease or behavior is identified before symptoms occur. Screenings and diagnostic tests are used to help identify health problems and information is provided on transformations that can be made to help reduce the risk of chronic health problems. An example of this would be aimed at helping individuals who smoke tobacco with successful cessation. The Computerized Adolescent Smoking Cessation Program (CASCP) which was developed by a family nurse practitioner, Deborah Fritz, targeted youth that were in the pre-contemplation and

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