Health Promotion and Research

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11428738 Health Promotion and Research Annual Assignment – Part B. NU1S01 Health Promotion and Research. Naidoo and Wills (2009) identified five approaches to health promotion, these are medical, behavioural change, empowerment, educational and social policy. Each of the above approaches are important, relevant ways for a nurse to promote good health and healthy living for service users in their care. However, this assignment chooses to focus on three of the five approaches in particular, the Medical, Empowerment and Educational approaches. (Green and Kreuter, 1999) state that health promotion is "any combination of educational and environmental supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to health" and so this assignment…show more content…
There are different reasons why someone mightn't adhere to medication (Traynor, 2009) “a patient is nonadherant for “non intentional” reasons, such as forgetfulness, or “intentional” reasons, such as a belief that the cost of the medication outweighs its benefits”.Another very interesting side of the medical approach, that is particularly relevant to mental health nursing is motivational interviewing. (Laasko, 2012) “By using a patient-centered approach, Motivational Interviewing has been shown to enhance patients’ insight and attitudes toward treatment.” This method has proven very effective in service users with Bipolar Disorder. Research has shown that only about 50% of people with Bipolar Disorder adhere to medication, and it is through a directive and patient-centered approach that they are helped to resolve their ambivalence toward medication treatment. Hokanson Hawks (1992) defines empowerment as “the interpersonal process of providing the proper tools, resources and environment to build, develop and increase the ability and effectiveness of others to set and reach goals for individual and social ends” Empowerment is a central aspect of health promotion. (Chambers&Thompson, 2009) Governments worldwide have advocated the use of empowerment in their public health policies and nurses are seen as essential in the delivery of this agenda using the empowerment model to engage patients in self-care and
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