Health Status and Health Care Services in China with Comparison to the United States

2212 Words Feb 2nd, 2011 9 Pages
Health Status and Health Care Services in China with comparison to the United States

HSM310 Introduction to Health Services Management Course Project
December 12, 2010

A health care system refers to the comprehensive organization, structures and strategies through which Medicare and health care is made available by the government to its citizens. A health care system is a product of countries politics. It is a nations system of governance that will dictate upon the most convenient model of health care to adopt. There is no universally acceptable method, and in adopting each; a government has to take into account a variety of factors, which would range from available finances vis-a-vis the total population. A comparison of two models
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Although the situation in the rural areas is fast changing, in the rural areas people have to rely on the communal health care programs, however recent trends indicate a sharp decline in their subscription and the government in turn is introducing a scheme for rural dwellers. Predominantly the Chinese system is characterized by provision of health services at various levels. From the top most level, national, through to the provincial and at the bottom, local level. A look at this system from the early 1980s reveals that these services were provided in a three-tier method. The first tier was appropriately localized in the rural areas in what has come to be referred to as the barefoot doctors. This simply refers to the villagers who acquired some basic health provision skills and were allowed to practice in the villages. The next tier comprises of the semi urban health centers majorly specializing in the provision of out patient services. At the highest level and final tier there were registered and strenuously trained doctors with degrees and they were located in the country hospitals. The situation at the moment has changed dramatically but the China’s health system still exhibits some remnant characteristics of these tier systems. Both the United States and China’s health systems are characterized by one factor. They both have left a large number of people uninsured. The United States has a public oriented and a private driven health care provision
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