Health Systems Development : Motive And Thesis

753 Words Aug 4th, 2015 4 Pages
Health Systems Development Motive and Thesis Universal access to specific health services was reflected in the MDGs and several targets have been achieved over the past 15 years. For example, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS in the form of antiretroviral therapy has increased since the year 2000 and as a result millions of deaths have been prevented (UN, 2015). However, in order to continue this progress and ensure sustainable development, strengthening health systems is necessary. Specifically, as NCDs have become leading causes of mortality and health needs and demographics have changed with this epidemiological shift, it is necessary for health systems to focus on prevention and management. Integrating chronic care models into health care systems can potentially have immense impacts on health and human development over the next two decades. Evidence NCDs are not only one of the leading causes of premature death in low- and middle- income countries but they are also responsible for a majority of older adult deaths. Around the globe, the number of individuals over 60 years of age is increasing faster than any other age group due to longer life expectancy and declines in fertility rates (WHO, 2015d). Moreover, children are also vulnerable to risk factors that contribute to NCDs, such as unhealthy diets and physical inactivity (WHO, 2015b). The significant prevalence of NCDs demonstrates that targeting them should be a priority over the next two decades,…
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