Health, The Elementary Human Right Essay

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Health the Elementary Human Right
Health is declared as a basic human right by the universal declaration of human rights in 1948, stating that "everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of oneself and one 's family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care." Endowment of health is a fundamental good and a moral issue because it provides opportunity to pursue life goals, reduces pain and suffering, prevents premature loss of life, and provides information needed to plan lives (Jacobson and Mathur, 2010). However, it is not later than three decades ago that health is placed high on international agenda. This international agenda has strongly passed on into almost all countries after the report of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, that investing in health leads to economic development. This reports emphasized health as a resource for everyday life and as driver of economy of nation (WHO, 2001).
What is a Health Policy?
Health policy can be formally defined as “the broad statement of goals, objectives and means that create the framework for activity.” It includes what governments decide to do or not to do. (Buse et al., 2005). Health policies are expected to offer methods and opportunities to develop collaboration among different sectors, organizations and people to attain a common goal of promoting health (WHO, 1986, Byrant, 2002). The main intent of health policies is to create supportive
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