Health and the Chernobyl Disaster Essay

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“In the previous year, 202 major disasters were experienced by the Philippines alone. These recorded disasters, comprised of man-made disasters, such as fires and armed conflict, as well as natural ones, such as typhoons and flooding, have disrupted as much as 7 million lives in the last year (Philippine Disaster Report: Disaster Statistics 2010).“ Statistics like these and events in world history have proven that disasters are inevitable; that even the most cataclysmic and devastating events are an inalienable part of life. However, there are also certain events that remind us of how the possibility of recovery is ever-present. Two such events would be the Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986 and the Fukushima nuclear …show more content…
In the wee hours of the morning of April 26, 1986, the town was still and operation of the power plant was going smoothly. However, at 1:24 AM, 2 explosions suddenly tore through the fourth unit, sending both debris and radioactive material flying through the air (IAEA, “One Decade After Chernobyl: Summing Up The Consequences of The Accident.” 67). The explosions that occurred that night were not at all planned. They were the results of human error; an experiment conducted in the fourth unit that had gone horribly wrong. During the conduction of the experiment, the power was shut too rapidly and pressure began to build, rendering the unit unstable (Chernobyl Accident 1986). However, there were several other factors that also played a role in the explosions; specifically, the different defects and flaws in the design of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The plant in Chernobyl was an RBMK model, a military-based type of reactor. However, this model suffered 3 major flaws in its design. Firstly, its cooling systems were made in such a way that instead of reducing power when water or fuel becomes scarce, power would increase. The second flaw would be in the control rods; they lacked the speed necessary to cope with changes in reactivity. Lastly, it was lacking in proper containment systems to ensure safety within the unit (Henares, jr., n.p.). There was also one flaw that was unique to this plant which may have led to its demise:
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