Healthcare Model: Acupuncture

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Health Models An Overview Before the advent of microscopes and the technology to see the very small, many people thought that illness was caused by divine intervention, lack of faith, or random and unexplained "vapors" or smells. For the most part, there was no understanding that certain organisms caused anything; in fact, while it seems ridiculous to us now, we must remember that for hundreds of years, even many historical figures believed in using leeches or draining blood to help heal the body (Kennedy, 2004, pp. 3-11). After the discovery of bacteria and the use of the microscope, the "Bio-Medical Model" (BMM) moved into prominence, believing that specific illness were linked to specific bacteria, viruses, or pathogens. Many of the more common diseases that killed so many in history were mitigated by using the BMM: measles, chicken pox, tuberculosis, etc. Still, many questions even into the 20th century seemed to not really fit with this pathogen-based model (Porter, 1999). For most of the West, the idea of categorizing everything came out of the Enlightenment and was expressed as a "germ" model. The European mind could then find, define, analyze and kill the germ therefore healing the person. In fact, the whole idea of vaccination came out of this model, and changed the health of society (James, 1992). In the East, however, thousands of years of traditional medicine look at disease in a different way more of the human body being out of balance with itself as well as
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