Hearing Appeals Against Decisions Of Magistrates’ Courts

1225 WordsMar 26, 20175 Pages
Hearing appeals against decisions of Magistrates’ courts is the second main role of the Crown Court judges. There are three different types of Crown Court centre, based on the type of work they deal with, these are: • First-tier centres – visited by High Court Judges for Crown Court criminal and High Court Civil work. • Second-tier centres – visited by High Court Judges for Crown Court criminal work only. • Third-tier centres – not normally visited by High Court Judges and handle Crown Court criminal work only. Circuit judges and Recorders deal with Crown Court criminal work in all three types of centres. Offences tried in the Crown Court are divided into three classes of seriousness, as followings; • Class 1 offences are the most serious.…show more content…
This is the busiest court in England and Wales. Virtually all criminal court cases start in here and more than 90 per cent end up in there. This is also the court which requires interpreters the most, therefore the biggest part of my assignment is addressed by the Magistrates’ court. The Magistrates’ can also try more serious criminal cases and submit to Crown Court for sentencing if that is beyond their capacity. In general, the Magistrates, deal with three different types of offences, as followings: • Summary offences. These are less serious cases, such as motoring offences and minor assaults, where the defendant is not usually entitled to trial by jury. They are generally disposed of in magistrates’ courts. • Either-way offences. As the name implies, these can be dealt with either by magistrates or before a judge and jury at the Crown Court. Such offences include theft and handling stolen goods. A defendant can insist on their right to trial in the Crown Court. Magistrates can also decide that a case is so serious that it should be dealt with in the Crown Court – which can impose tougher sentences if the defendant is found guilty. • Indictable-only offences, such as murder, manslaughter, rape and robbery. These must be heard at a Crown Court but such case is also to start in Magistrates’ as the court play a crucial part in case management and investigative procedures. If the case is indictable-only, the

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