Heart And Peripheral Vascular System

1244 WordsJun 21, 20155 Pages
Heart and Peripheral Vascular System Chest pain is a symptom that can represent several different diseases from different organ systems. It is essential to determine which system is responsible for the pain and state the severity of the patient’s condition (Longo et al., 2011). When considering pain, there are eleven different criteria one must consider and evaluate. These include the duration of the pain, onset, localization, irradiation, character, intensity, alleviating factors, aggravating factors, triggering factors, regularity and accompanying signs (Longo et al., 2011). These are all useful in determining the etiology of the pain and taking the appropriate therapeutic steps. The causes of chest pain are divided into…show more content…
The disease is usually associated with a viral infection before the pain occurs. The pain is sharp and positional with a pleuritic nature (Longo et al., 2011). The pain is relieved by leaning forward and worse when the patient is lying down. In addition, the pain is associated with a pericardial rub. Another pain that is specific is that of aortic dissection. The condition is life threatening and could be worsened by thrombolytics or anti aggregates, hence it is necessary to detect. The pain is sharp, tearing, and severe and radiates to the back. The pain is pleuritic in nature and associated with a loss of pulses (Longo et al., 2011). Non-cardiovascular causes of chest pain include musculoskeletal conditions such as costochondritis. The pain is usually localized and the patient is able to pin point the exact location of the pain. The pain is increased by inspiration and can be reproduced through palpitation of the chest wall. Gastrointestinal causes of chest pain include GERD, which is due to an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter. The pain is relieved by antacids and is exacerbated by the consumption of chocolates and fatty foods. There are also pulmonary causes of chest pain and these include pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism is a sharp, sudden chest pain that is usually pleuritic. In addition, the pain is accompanied by dyspnea, tachypnea, and hemoptysis (Longo et al., 2011). Hence, the above information illustrates the
Open Document