Heart Disease And Stroke

1946 Words8 Pages
Collaborative Learning Community:
Health Promotion and Community Resource
Lisa Alford
Kyler Merrill

Mark Lipelis

Lawrence Wendel

Mercy Chalappuram


Feb 01, 2015

Heart Disease and Stroke

Healthy People 2020 Focus Area
• Heart Diseases And Stroke.
• The leading modifiable (controllable) risk factors for heart disease and stroke are:

High blood pressure
High cholesterol
Cigarette smoking
Poor diet and physical


• Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Together, heart disease and stroke are among the most widespread and costly health problems facing the Nation today,
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Environmental change-Grocery stores and food markets should provide selections of fruits and vegetables at reasonable costs. Schools should increase the access to and identify meals and snacks that contribute to better overall dietary quality and meet dietary guidelines.

Policy change-Clinical preventive services and early outpatient cardiac rehabilitation should be covered by health insurance plans. Increase unit price for tobacco products through local or state excise taxes.

• (Thomas A. Pearson, Terry L. Bazzarre, & Stephen R. Daniels, 2003)

mizing health begins with prevention.
5 Levels of Prevention:
1) Primordial Prevention- Aimed at patients without risk factors;
Includes: Diet rich in fruits and vegetables, Avoiding tobac co products, increase physical activity
(Stuart-Shor, 2004)
2) Primary Prevention- Aimed at patients that have risk factors;
Includes: Smoking cessation, lowering cholesterol, controlling blood pressure Goal: Prevent the first coronary event or stroke
(Mensah, Dietz, Harris, Henson, Labarthe, Vinicor, & Wechsle r, 2005)
3) Secondary Prevention- Aimed at patients with subclinical disease
Includes: Smoking cessation, Increased physical exe rcise, Diet rich in fruits and vegetables, Daily baby aspirin, controlling cardiovascular disease risk factors Goal: Prevent repeated coronary events or early death

Optimizing health begins with prevention continued…

Optimizing health begins with prevention (again)

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