Heart Of Darkness Analysis

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In the novella Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, several key themes are represented through the geography and the relationship it has with the behavior of the characters. Joseph Conrad conveys that savagery is in every man and when exposed to an uncivilized environment, it can bring out that madness from within through the character of Kurtz,who is widely admired in the beginning of the story, but then it is revealed that he becomes mad because of his prolonged time in the uncivilized surroundings of Africa. Madness has completely overtaken Kurtz, even in his last days before death. He makes a final attempt to escape and die in savagery and when Marlow tries to stop him, he exclaimed with sorrow, “I was on the threshold of great things” and Marlow felt that sorrow, so much so that it “made [his] blood run cold”. This hyperbole was perfect in response to the agonizing statements made by Kurtz and it helps represent how lost Kurtz is because, he is making Marlow feel sorry for him. Kurtz truly believes that this is the way of life now and is exaggerating his statements like a mad person to where Marlow would feel a response but, he exaggerated the feeling as to show how he can feel Kurtz’s madness. It seems that Marlow quickly refused this feeling and, “tried to break the spell—the heavy, mute spell of the wilderness” and that idiom of “break the spell” ties into the hold that encaptures that savagery in all humans plus the way he personifies the wilderness as mute shows

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