Heart Of Darkness By Joseph Conrad

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When read at face value, Joseph Conrad’s novella, Heart of Darkness, portrays a tale of white, imperial, oppression of the African natives of the Congo. However, when viewed through the lenses of psychoanalysis and feminism, different interpretations emerge. Psychoanalysis provides a glimpse into the mind of Marlow. The story reads as if it takes place within a dream world. Feminist theory examines the perceptible qualities associated with women. Each theory presents a new way of interpreting and understanding the character development and imagery within the story. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, detailed the inner elements of the mind called the id, superego, and ego (Thornton). The id represents the primal, primitive, instincts that strive for satisfaction. The term superego describes the inner voice or conscience of a person. The ego is the conscious self that is created by the opposing forces of the superego and id (Thornton). Freud, also, wrote an essay, The Interpretation of Dreams, which outlined the idea of the mind harboring desires outside of conscious thought. These desires manifest in dreams, thereby creating a puzzle to be read and interpreted (Freud 397).
With this in mind, an excerpt from Marlow says:
It seems to me I am trying to tell you a dream – making a vain attempt, because no relation of a dream can convey the dream-sensation, that commingling of absurdity, surprise, and bewilderment in a tremor of struggling revolt, that notion of

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