Hegemonic Masculinity : Masculinity And Masculinity

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Hegemonic Masculinity
Hegemonic Masculinity is a concept which was first introduced as an attempt to understand and counter-balance gender divisions (Duncanson 2015).
Hegemony can be understood as the the control of power and the formation and destruction of social groups, in which the ruling class is able to establish and maintain their domination, an understanding which is key in Marxist Theory (Donaldson 1993).
In terms of masculinity, the term was used to highlight the oppressive relationship of men to women, in which women are seen to exist as sexual objects for men (Donaldson 1993).
Connell argues that heterosexuality enables men to dominate over women and subordinate the social position of women, however if a male is raped by a women, then it introduces insecurities and reverses hegemonic masculinity (Duncanson 2015).
Hegemonic masculinity can be seen as culturally idealised concept in which is both personal and collective and can be commonly understood as the continuation of the breadwinning husband and caring subordinative woman (Donaldson 1993).
When discussed within sexual roles, Hegemonic masculinity depicts females as submissive and passive and men as dominant and assertive. It can be argued that these gender stereotypes enforce the opinion that men can not be raped, whether by male or a female, as they would be go against cultural norms (Fisher & Pina 2013).
This is further highlighted by the legal definition of rape specifying that it is men, ‘he’, that
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