If BBBY were to use $400 million in excess cash and $636.3 million in borrowed funds to repurchase it's shares they would increase their basic earnings per share from 1.35 to 1.41 and their diluted earnings per share from 1.31 to 1.37. If BBBY were to use $400 million in excess cash, and borrow $1.27 billion to repurchase their shares, the increase of the basic earnings per share would only be 0.3 while the difference from zero debt to
Another factor for management to consider would involve the clientele effects. Presently the Wrigley family controls 21% of common shares and 58% of Class B common stock. Assuming the Wrigley family do not sell any shares, the repurchase will raising their voting control from 46.6% to a majority control over voting rights at 50.6% (see appendix2.2). This isn’t deemed significant as the Wrigley family already previously possessed majority of voting rights
Issuing additional debt to finance the company expansion would worsen the company’s debt ratio as it is already more than average. The company envisions to be profitable by raising capital from existing stockholders by issuing common stock through rights offering.
A buyback allows companies to invest in themselves. By reducing the number of shares outstanding on the market, buybacks increase the proportion of shares a company owns. Buybacks can be carried out in two ways:
Both Alternatives 2 and 3 are favorable alternatives. If the principal owner is willing to assume the risk of higher leverage, then 3 is slightly more attractive than 2. The actual attractiveness of Alternative 3 depends, of course, on the assumption that funds can be invested to yield 20% before interest and taxes. It is this fact that makes the additional leverage favorable and raises the earnings per share.
similar to that of share buyback, the number of new shares outstanding will reduce; thus,
a) How many shares will the firm have to issue, assuming they issue the new shares at the current price per share?
- A firm has a market value equal to its book value. Currently, the firm has excess cash of $1,200 and other assets of $10,800. Equity is worth $12,000. The firm has 750 shares of stock outstanding and net income of $775. What will the new earnings per share be if the firm uses its excess cash to complete a stock repurchase?
Since firms incur the re-purchase option by offering $20 cash for each stock bought back, the number of outstanding shares will be reduced. The Earnings per share will increase leading to an increased stock price.
Repurchasing shares with a 40% debt to total capital ratio would increase shareholder value, however repurchasing shares with an 80% debt to total capital ratio would significantly decrease shareholder value and therefore would not be advisable. Increasing debt increases shareholder value to a certain point. As this proforma shows, the point of diminishing return is somewhere between 40% and 80%.
The number of shares outstanding will remain the same and thus, the only change in the equity side of the balance sheets for the next three years will be the change in the amount of retained earnings. This change will be equal to the net income of the company for last year because the company will not pay a dividend.
Issuing 3 billion dollars of new debt to pay dividends should not have any effect on the voting control of the Wrigley family. Using that money to buy back shares will have an effect on the voting right of the family. When shares are repurchased they are put in the company treasury and are no longer outstanding. Then the Wrigley family’s percent of outstanding shares would rise giving them more voting control. They also have 58% if the outstanding shares of the Class B shares which have a 10 to 1 voting advantage over the common share class. These shares are not affected by the buyback.
If the number of outstanding shares is reduced by a buyback of shares then the EPS will increase if the EAT remains unchanged. However the EAT is reduced since there is interest expense. If the dividend payout remains the same then the dividend paid per share will increase as well. The debt interest would be 13% of $3 billion which is $390 million. EBIT in 2001 was $527,366,000. So the EBIT is $137,366,000. Then this is taxed at 40% so the EAT is $82,420,000. So by taking on more debt the EAT diminishes so the earnings per share will drop dramatically. Dividends affect next years earnings as they are taken out of the EAT.
If management is conducting the repurchase due to their belief that the stock is undervalued and this belief is correct, the market cap should eventually rise to their estimation. This market cap rise would combine with the new lower number of shares outstanding, resulting in an even higher stock price.
First, a large share repurchase will significantly increase shareholders’ percentage ownership of BKI. BKI has been under levered for decades. The company acquisitions of several small manufacturers made shareholders’ equity be diluted even more. In other words, shareholders, especially the main shareholders in Blaine’s board, are paying for BKI’s over-liquidity. This share repurchase will not only give the board more flexibility to allot dividends, but will lead to a stable development of BKI’s business in the long run.