Helping Athletes to Perform Better under Pressure

1541 WordsFeb 21, 20186 Pages
With it being known that pressure on an athlete to not let their team down increases anxiety, Otten and Barrett (2013) decided to look at which aspect of baseball (pitching or batting) would be most prone to choking. They looked over archives from the Baseball Reference website which includes statistics from the last 109 years. Hitting, pitching, and team-level statistics were all operationally defined and then examined. They found that pitching statistics were significantly correlated from regular season to post season while batting averages showed the smallest bivariate correlation. This could be due to the fact that batting is a more complex skill so the athlete is more critical of it during the high-pressure that exists in the post season. With a preperformance routine before the individual task of hitting, the athlete could decrease overanalyzing of the skill and prevent choking due to pressure. With past research exhibiting that pre-performance routines can improve performance and reduce choking during high-pressure situations such as post season games, Balk, Adriaanse, de Ridder and Evers (2013) sought out how emotion regulation could be a major factor in the reason why. They looked at the effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies in helping with choking. Experienced golfers self-reported arousal and anxiety during pressurized situations. Two aspects of emotion regulation, reappraisal and distraction, were examined. Reappraisal and distraction were
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