Hepatitis C And Its Effects On The Human Body

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Hepatitis is a complicated illness that affects many people throughout the world. Since its discovery, we have come to identify that hepatitis comes in various forms. Most people have a deeper awareness of the Hepatitis A or B disease because we have been educated throughout the years of its effects on the human body. There is another hepatitis virus called Hepatitis C which is a relatively new disease that many people are unfamiliar with. This disease is highly infectious if the proper precautions are not taken to prevent transmission. Exposure to blood is a commonality in the health care profession. Health care professionals could include emergency response, public safety workers, dental workers, and other professions that work closely…show more content…
In the 1960’s and 70’s the virus was actually identified after years of research. Scientists were able to discover the Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B virus through numerous blood tests. They also noticed there were patients that tested positive for a virus that was not Hepatitis A or B. This unknown virus was named non-A, non- B hepatitis. In the 1980’s, The Center for Disease Control was able to identify the virus where it was given the name Hepatitis C (“Hepatitis C FAQ”). In 1990, blood banks started testing for the virus by screening blood before it was transfused. By screening the blood, this reduced the risk of contraction by .01% (“Hepatitis C History”). There are two types of Hepatitis C known as Acute Hepatitis C and Chronic Hepatitis C. Acute hepatitis C is a short-term infection in which symptoms can last up to 6 months. Those with Acute Hepatitis C endure the short term effects of the infection because the body is able to fight off the infection and get rid of the virus. In most cases, the infection is asymptomatic but can lead to a more serious infection which can lead to scarring of the liver causing cirrhosis. This form of HCV is known as Chronic Hepatitis C in which the infection causes cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis can take many years, but it can lead to other health concerns such as liver failure, liver cancer, and other life threatening issues. Patients that contract cirrhosis of the
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