Hepatitis Carinii Pneumonia ( Pcp )

1708 WordsDec 7, 20157 Pages
On June 5, 1981 the Center for Disease control and Prevention announced the first warning of a new virus called Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), otherwise known as Pneumocystis Jirovecii. The PCP virus was first detected in a small group of homosexual males, all in which were located in Los Angeles. Prior to their most recent health evaluations, all of the males were reported as being healthy. However, during their health evaluations the virus PCP was discovered and was common among all of the men because they were immunocompromised. This disease attacked the host through a form of a lung disease which cause inflammation and fluid buildup. The virus Pneumocystis Jirovecii is was renamed in 1982 to what we now know as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) & Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids). HIV is the precursor to Aids. HIV attacks CD4+ T Cells. T Cells are the white blood cells that assist the body with fighting off cold and infections. A severe loss of those essential CD4+T Cells weaken the body’s immune system resulting in AIDS, which frequently results in death. A person can contract the HIV virus through unprotected sexual intercourse via bodily fluids such as blood, semen, and breast milk. Statistics show that right now 36.9 million people right now are living with HIV/AIDs worldwide, however, most cases are localized in middle and low income countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. The statistics also show that approximately 2.6 million Congenital HIV cases in the

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