Hernia

1214 Words Jul 11th, 2013 5 Pages
Abstract

There are many different types of hernias. The most common type is inguinal which occurs in the groin (Balentine, J.R, 2010). Other types of hernias are femoral, umbilical, incisional, hiatal, sports, and congenital diaphragmatic. Symptoms of a hernia may include pain or discomfort and localized swelling on the abdomen or in the groin area. If a hernia is found the usual treatment is surgery. Most common surgery is laparoscopic.

What is a hernia? Why do we get them? What are symptoms caused by hernias? Who is more likely to get a hernia? How to help prevent from getting a one? These are all questions many people have. A hernia is any condition in which the viscera protrude through a weak point in the muscular wall of
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Smokers are also at risk due to the so called “smokers cough” (Hernia Symptoms, 2007/2008). An umbilical hernia happens in infants whose blood vessels do not completely close after birth. These blood vessels feed the fetus. They are located around the belly button. Most umbilical hernias are not a huge concern and will correct themselves with time. Usually by the time an infant is 3 or 4 years old. Incisional hernias result from an incompletely healed surgical wound. Most hernias are due to an excessive amount of strain on a naturally weakened area of the abdomen or other membrane, causing an organ or tissue to protrude (Hernia Symptoms, 2007-2008). But in an incision hernia the weakened area is caused by an incompletely healed surgical incision allowing a hole to develop and organs to be pushed through (Hernia Symptoms, 2007-2008). So like most hernias the strain can be caused by obesity, heavy lifting, coughing or vomiting. Some hernias may be pushed back into place. These are reducible hernias. They are most likely to return again, which have fewer side effects that if left untreated can become very dangerous. Hernias that cannot be pushed back into place may have become “strangulated.” Strangulated hernias occur when the piece of organ or tissues have become trapped in the lining of the opening. Once trapped, a strangulated hernia can…