Hertfordshire Business School Guide to Harvard Referencing

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Hertfordshire Business School Guide to Harvard Referencing

This guide has been produced by the ASU in response to questions from Hertfordshire Business School (HBS) students about the important subject of accurate referencing. It is essential for you to reference your work thoroughly because what you write for HBS must be 'evidenced ' - your discussion and arguments should consist mainly of academic theory and 'expert ' practitioner experience. These two main sources (theory and practice) MUST be referenced throughout your writing. Readers must be able to see which words are your own words and any original ideas, and what sources you have used as evidence to back up your assertions. Good referencing is ESSENTIAL because:

1) Your
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If you decide to include the exact words of another author, you must enclose their words with quotation marks and include the page number in-text, e.g. Schutte (1999:298) asserts “westerners regarded the Japanese as workaholics”. See example 48 on page 14 for examples.

Final list of References: Consistent punctuation and spacing are necessary in the References. Some general rules apply: * Author or authors’ names: * Use only the initials of the author or authors ' given names. * No full stops are used between initials. * Generational titles, i.e. Junior, Senior or roman numerals are only included in the References list, e.g. Smith, J., Jr. (2009) … Academic prefixes, i.e. Dr. are omitted from the reference. * Titles of works: * Only capitalise content words for the titles of books, book chapters and journal articles. * In the titles of journals, magazines and newspapers, capital letters should be used as they appear normally. * Use italics for the titles of books, journals, and newspapers. * Enclose titles of book chapters and journal articles in inverted commas (single quotation marks). * Page numbering: * Books: page numbers are not usually needed in the final list of References. * Journals: page numbers appear as the final item of the citation, followed by a full stop. In the Reference list, use the abbreviation p. for one page, and pp. for a page range, e.g.

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