Hesitation Phenomena

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Introduction Hesitation phenomena is one of two types of pauses that occur during our speech and the other type is breathing pauses. Although hesitation does not have a linguistic function, it plays a role in the study of speech production and speech planning. There are three main categories of hesitation: 1- silent pauses, 2- filled pauses, which composes of non-linguistic or non-lexical vocalizations and the most common ones are: umm, ah and er. 3- speech disturbances such as slips of the tongue, stuttering, repeating, omitting or repairing speech.

Psycholinguists have paid special attention as to where these pauses -whether silent or filled- occur in our speech. Some studies- like the one conducted by Boomer 1965-
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|different types of chocolate liquid, milky and solid…..There |bright red or yellow cacao seed pods grow directly from the |
|are different colors and flavors white chocolate which tends to|trunk of the tree. Each pod contains 30-40 almond like white |
|be milky, brown which is the original and [uh] oh yes the dark |seeds in a sticky, unappetizing pulp that resembles insect |
|chocolate which is flavored like coffee. We-ll… what else to |larvae [uh]. Scientists generally agree that the native people |
|say [laughs] oh yes I like chocolate although it has a lot of |of South America were initially attracted to this cacao pulp |
|calories and makes you fat [laughs] and [um] that’s it. |for its sweetness. But no one knows for certain what led to the|
| |discovery of chocolate in the bitter and inedible raw seeds. |
| |Cacao trees grow only in the regions within 20 degrees |
| |noth-..north and 20 degrees south of the equator . [um] |
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