Essay about Hidden Curriculum of Hegemony and Capitalism

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Hidden Curriculum of Hegemony and Capitalism

The Oxford Dictionary and Thesaurus, defines education as, "the field of study that deals with methods of teaching and learning in schools," (Elliott, 1997:237). In contrast, the Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, defines education as, "a philosophical as well as a sociological concept, denoting ideologies, curricula, and pedagogical techniques of the inculcation [instilling/persistent teaching] and management of knowledge and the social reproduction of personalities and cultures," (Marshall, 1998: 183). Finally, one last definition defines education as, "the social institution guiding a society's transmission of knowledge including basic facts, job skills,
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It is obvious that schools' operations are largely based on political and economic reforms. Students are encouraged to attend school in order to gain an education and as a result, to qualify in some form to enter the workforce. Students from a very young age are exposed to hidden messages that suggest life is equated with achieving well at school. Students are also exposed to a set curriculum content, which often appears to be related to political movements at any given time. This formal curriculum allows students to gain knowledge of how and why things are the way they are. The formal education that students receive at school revolves around the content of the curriculum; however, there remains a whole hidden curriculum of values and social orientations that students are constantly subject to alongside this formal learning.

'The Hidden Curriculum' as it is known, operates more or less on the level of a mini society, making students accustomed to the regulations, social values and norms of the broader society. As it is stated by the Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, the hidden curriculum, "refers to the way in which cultural
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