Pericles continues even further, explaining that this sacrifice was an example of Athenian greatness. His speech discusses further that Athenians would rather die resisting than to live submitting. They fled only from dishonour but never from their enemies intent on destroying them. Pericles words further praise there brave soldiers who perished in battle. Pericles goes on to say that Athenians vengeance upon their enemies was to be desired more than any personal blessings. He says that war with Athens’ enemies was to be the most glorious of hazards. They had accepted the honorable risk again and died a glorious death. He conveys again to the Athenians citizens that destroying their enemies was the highest honor an Athenians could hope to obtain. Pericles encourages the audience to live up to the standards set by their fallen Athenians. Pericles offered his comfort but didn’t express condolences to the families of the fallen who were present in the crowds.
What I have learned you say? I have learned so much at this school, more than I could’ve asked. Hickman Middle School is a special place, mainly because of the students and the teachers. Hickman is a small school, and the students are in the right mindset, a mindset to get to college and beyond. We see the examples of our teachers, and they encourage us to make ourselves better. I can’t think of a more fitter middle school that sends students into high school as rock stars. As for me, I’ve learned we need get ourselves to our potential by raising the bar, which is where teacher’s expertise is.
There were lots of issues that lead to the collapse of the relationship between Japan's government and its people. When Hirohito came into power, a universal male suffrage law had just passed, and political parties were near the height of their powers. At the same time their was, rising militarism, a degrading economy, and a series of political murders. This sparked a rise in pro-democracy supporters in Japan. As emperor Hirohito was the nation’s highest authority and commander-in-chief of the military. He took power and basically fired the country's prime minister in 1929. The next prime minister was shot and killed, and again in 1932 the next prime minister was assassinated by naval military officers who disagreed with a treaty limiting
According to this speech, life in Athen in the 5th century seemed great. Athens was converting their oligarchy to a democracy. The Greco-Persian War was the main reason for this change in government. Athenians, who were very outnumbered against the Persians, won the first battle of the Greco-Persian War. The war consisted of two major battles named the Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Salamis. Athens knew that Persia would eventually attempt to take over their polis because Persia was expanding their empire. Surprisingly, hoplites won this battle by using phalanx tactics. Hoplites were dressed in armor and carried arrows and shield. They would file in a tight, synchronized formation and pushed back the Parisians.
The authors main point was to tell of Pericles grand speech he told at the annual funeral in Athens for all who fell during war. Pericles main point of the speech was to not only tell of those who had fallen achievements, but also of his personal view of Athens, and how skillful and mighty their Athenian army was.
The Battle of Leuctra taking place in 371 BCE had a major effect on Greek history. The battle fought between the Spartans and Thebans in which the Thebans defeated the all mighty Spartans. The defeat of the Spartans made the Thebans the most powerful city-state in Greece at the time. Defeating the Spartans finally knocked them off their high pedestal and showed the world they are not invincible (Cartwright). This battle is an important battle to be studied for many reasons. One of those reasons is, it showed that even the most powerful and feared army could lose. Thus, providing more pride and honor for one’s city-state. Another reason this battle is an important one to study is the fact that the way the typical battle was fought changed. New
A huge proportion of the artworks included in this chapter depict war, victory, and defeat. They convey to the viewer glory and heroism – the glorious victories of the Greek over their enemies, and the heroic martyrdom of Greeks who die in battle, such as the “Dying Warriors” in the Temple of Aphaia. The viewer feels a sense of respect and awe at their achievement and sacrifice, but it is more respect for them as symbols of heroism rather than a empathetic connection to the characters as individuals. And, there seems to be an utter lack of empathy for the enemy – there is no attempt to see any perspective other than the Greek, so the enemies have only one dimension – that of being enemies. Their deaths have no gravity other than being an attribute
A similarity that unites both the Homeric and Athenian societies is their recognition that life involves triumph and tragedy. When speaking to Priam, Achilles acknowledges that “the gods have woven pain into mortal lives.” (Il. 24.564) He relays this idea through a story of Zeus, who possesses two jars, “One full of good things, The other of evil. If Zeus gives a man a mixture from both jars, sometimes/ Life is good for him, sometimes not.” (Il. 24.568- 569). From the Homeric perspective, being human means receiving a mixture from both jars, and every mortal must accept the balance of good and bad the gods have presented to him. As a warrior, this mentality serves Achilles by allowing him to rationalize the presence of grief and sorrow in his life. Similarly, Pericles recognizes the concept of mixed fates, explaining to the Athenians that “the man that can most truly be accounted brave is he who best knows the meaning of what is sweet in life and what is terrible.” (HPW 2.40) Though this sentiment does not recognize the will of the gods, Pericles believes that knowing the good and bad that results from battle make a warrior stronger. For the Athenians, acceptance of one’s moira is akin to bravery because one can no longer fear what is ahead. In both Homeric and Athenian traditions, the comprehension of the balance of good and evil within one’s destiny is part of being an honorable warrior.
In “Pericles’Funeral Oration”, we see war in a favorable light brought about by its protagonist Pericles, who does not hold back in delivering an impassioned eulogy for the fallen soldiers before the people. His reasons and his deliverance being compelling, he highlights the purpose and necessity of war as a means to preserve and protect this great democracy which favors all men equally, opens its doors to foreigners, provides justice for all, allows the freedom to advance oneself as well as indulge in pleasure. The education of the Athenian schools far surpassing any other empire, in producing well rounded men who are free spirited and yet will not hesitate to defend the nation, the legacy of the forefathers and fathers who also fought to acquire, enrich and sustain an empire such as Athens is all worth fighting to preserve. He highlights the power of sacrifice as honorable for the love of a great country in his conclusion when he says, “And where the rewards for merit are the greatest, there are found the best citizens.”
Athens’ catastrophic Sicilian Invasion is the most important event in Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. Three-quarters of the history is devoted to setting up the invasion because of this. Through the step-by-step decline in Athenian society that Thucydides describes, we can see how he chose to anticipate the Sicilian Invasion. The inevitability that we associate with the tragic drama is the basic reason for the need to anticipate the
Walking with the crowd of Romans to the coliseum was breathtaking as I took a seat I could hear my heart beating in my ear. When the gladiators commenced the show with s chariot procession completed by trumpets then dismounted and ringed the arena, each gladiator saluting the emperor with the line Ave, imperator, morituri te salutant (Hail, Emperor, those who are about to die salute you). The crowd on the edge of their seats as the two men prepare their weapons I cheer in anticipation with the others. We all know this day will be the last for one of them, they circle each other, knowing they have to think fast to capture his opponent rather than killing him on the spot. The gladiators thrust their swords fighting in the burning sun with the
Finally, we reached what would be the battle site. There was a vast plain with mountains on all sides except for the side on which we were advancing in our boats. In the distance I saw a mass of bodies, it was the Athenians. They were moving all about. We were far enough away so I could not see what they were doing. Looking all around on she ships and at all the men on our side, I could see that we outnumbered the Athenians by a
Dying for one’s city in ancient Greece was revered and respected, a group of soldiers sacrificing themselves in a battle were exalted as heroes of the city. Pericles funeral oration highlights the role of death in ancient greek society. Death is honorable, and sacrifice even more so. In fact, it was expected that you would die defending your country, instead of surrendering.
Dying for one’s city in ancient Greece was revered and respected, a group of soldiers sacrificing themselves in a battle were exalted as heroes of the city. Pericles funeral oration highlights the role of death in ancient Greek society. Death is honorable, and sacrifice even more so. In fact, it was expected that you would die defending your country, instead of