High School Students in Part-Time Employment: What Effects on Scholastic Performance?

1137 Words Dec 27th, 2012 5 Pages
High school students in part-time employment:

What effects on scholastic performance?

Educators in the United States have long argued about the effects of part-time work on the academic performance of high school students. Though many studies claim that there is a relationship between a student’s grade point average (GPA) – the standard measure academic performance in high schools and universities in the US – and the number of hours the students is employed, there seems little agreement on what that relationship is.

Several studies (Sneider, 1982; Wallace, 1988; Johnson and Payne, 1989) suggest that students who work after school do better in their school work than students who do not have a job. Peel and Maas
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Krunjic found that beyond approximately 5 hours per week, the more hours a student worked, the lower was his or her GPA. This relationship between GPA and work appeared to be stronger the lower the grade level.

Krunjic concluded from the survey data that while both his and some earlier studies showed an increase in hours worked brings a decrease in GPA, the decrease is not serious enough to worry educators greatly. Krunjic goes on to suggest, however, thatn schools and boards of education become well acquainted with this relationship before deciding whether or by now much to limit the number of hours students can work.

Critical Review

A phenomenon that students at high school have part-time jobs is becoming common nowadays. The questions mad by many people especially educators is that: what are the effects of part-time work on the results of students and should high school students should continue to work after school?

Research into the effects of part-time work on high school students’ academic performance has produces a variety of conclusions. According to Jonhson and Payne (1989), we can expect students with jobs to perform better in school the students not working at all. But still other researchers, such as Feel and Maas (1990) believe that no amount of employment hours, however few or many, improves academic performance. And according to Alvarez (1987), factors other than working hours have for greater influence on GPA.
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