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High Stakes Testing And The Turn Is Not Well Received

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The educational forum has had many trend changes over years. The current trend in education is mainly focused on accountability through assessment, such as standardized tests.
There are many defining factors and elements that are articulated in the realm of standardized testing. Some of these factors are academic shift from learning to accountability in learning, test data, the problems that plague education and schools related to standardized tests, and the possible solutions for them. Education has gone from standardized testing to high stakes testing and the turn is not well received. A standardized test is defined by, “The Glossary of Education Reform”, as any form of test that (1) requires all test takers to answer the same
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This literature will focus on focusing on large scale, high stakes testing. They can include multiple-choice questions, true-false questions, short-answer questions, essay questions, or a mix of question types. The article titled, Standardized Tests states, “that the most common forms of standardized tests are: achievement tests, aptitude tests, college admission tests, international comparison tests, and psychological tests.” Standardized tests have been around for hundreds of years. The test originated in the 1800’s. The test was created by Horace Mann. The test was to decide how students were mastering their current level of work and whether they should proceed to the next level. There were no negative consequences associated with the tests or scores. After the publication of the Coleman Report (Coleman et al., 1966), which took an in depth look into the education system and analyzed how the education system affected student achievement, the use of standardized achievement tests for accountability became the trend. It was all about everyone involved in the education of a body of students should be held accountable for the learning and teaching of those students. The teachers and others involved had to answer to the political bodies that were providing funding for the education system. In 2001 the No Child Left Behind Act was passed under the administration of President Bush. The act is based on improving instructional outcomes for students with disabilities. The
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