Higher Education Dbq

Decent Essays
Upon the colonization of America, the settlers soon realized the need for higher education. In 1636 the Massachusetts colonial legislature chartered what would turn into Harvard University, named after donor John Harvard, to train clergy in the colonies. Soon after, other colonial legislatures universities began chartering their own universities, and by the beginning of the American Revolution, seven of the eight Ivy League had received their charters, with Cornell’s establishment in 1865. The history also shifts itself into prestige. With this prestige came the ability for the universities to admit applicants at a lower rate than other universities. The high demand for acceptance into these universities allowed them to raise tuition prices…show more content…
Stacey Dale, an economist at Princeton University, states “the difference between the students who went to super-selective colleges and those with similar SAT scores that were rejected from those institutions and went to less selective colleges is ‘indistinguishable from zero’ (Source A).” The data reported here represents the individual student as responsible for their career success rather than where they attend college. Two of Harvard’s most famous alumni, Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, dropped out to move into their full-time technology operations. While not every student will become as rich and powerful as Gates and Zuckerberg, this shows the person, not the school, make the career. The lack of need for top students to receive an Ivy League education highlights the fact that the institution must reform itself in order to attract top students. This lack of a need also hurts the Ivy League “brand”. The Ivy League presents itself as a set of institution that best prepares students for the high level jobs. In part this remains true, as the average Ivy League graduate earns about forty thousand dollars more per year than the average college graduate (Source H). That number gets overblown, however, as community colleges and other trade schools with lesser-paying jobs deflate the average earnings of the entire group. In fact, the Ivy League is beginning to fall behind in the executive-level jobs held by alumni, with the number of executives at Fortune 100 companies with Ivy League undergraduate dropping from 14% to 10% from 1980 to 2001 (Source I). The fall of the influence of Ivy League coincides with the massive rise in tuition over those decades. As the cost of attendance increased, talented students took their smarts elsewhere to receive their education. This hurts the Ivy League as
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