Higher Education in India

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Abstract
Higher Education in India – Issues and Challenges

Higher Education in India is improving gradually after Independence. It is in the second place in the world after United States. Some institutions of India, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), National Institute of Technology (NITs) and Jawaharlal Nehru University have been globally acclaimed for their standard of education. University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), are two apex organisations that cater for the higher education in India. The solutions for the below mentioned Issues, Challenges and Concerns of Higher Education in India discussed in this paper would improve
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The separation between teaching and research which started in British India now became a permanent feature of the academic landscape of India.

List of IIT’s (Indian Institute of Technology) in India

Entrance examinations
The Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) is an annual college entrance examination in India, used as the sole admission criterion by the IITs. The examination is organised each year by one of the various IITs, using a round robin rotation pattern. It has a very low admission rate (about 1 in 50 in 2011). A proposal for replacing (IIT-JEE) with a common engineering entrance examination was made in 2010 and but due to resistance from many IIT's this proposel is still under consideration. For Post Graduate studies, the entrance is conducted on the basis of the Gate score card which is organised by IISC, Bangalore and IIT's followed by written tests and interviews by the respective IIT's.
New Admission Policy of IITs
Joint Admission Board (JAB) of IIT Joint Entrance Examination (Advanced)-2013 met on August 27, 2012 at IIT Delhi to discuss the forthcoming admission. The admission to the undergraduate programmes at the 16 IITs and ISMU, Dhanbad for the year 2013 will be based on a two-tier test. The first test called the JEE (Main), will be held during the month of April, 2013 (both offline and online). This test will be conducted by CBSE. The second test, called the
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