Higher National Diploma

6446 Words26 Pages
INTRODUCTION As we are aware, finance is the lifeblood of business or it can be said as the most important part of all the business enterprises. To understand finance, you need to know the entire business indeed. Finance can be used for various reasons like expanding the business, investing and purchasing fixed assets like land and building, machinery so on. In order to survive in this competitive world every organisation need to have a good strength of finance available to their business or else they won't be able to survive in this world. Hence, it is very important to select the correct sources of finance available to the company. Finance can be in two types' external sources or internal sources. TASK ONE 1. SOURCES OF FINANCE…show more content…
This is a common method of financing a start-up. The founder provides all the share capital of the company, retaining 100% control over the business. The advantages of investing in share capital are covered in the section on business structure. The key point to note here is that the entrepreneur may be using a variety of personal sources to invest in the shares. Once the investment has been made, it is the company that owns the money provided. The shareholder obtains a return on this investment through dividends (payments out of profits) and/or the value of the business when it is eventually sold. A start-up company can also raise finance by selling shares to external investors – this is covered further below. 1.2 External sources * Loan capital This can take several forms, but the most common are a bank loan or bank overdraft. A bank loan provides a longer-term kind of finance for a start-up, with the bank stating the fixed period over which the loan is provided (e.g. 5 years), the rate of interest and the timing and amount of repayments. The bank will usually require that the start-up provide some security for the loan, although this security normally comes in the form of personal guarantees provided by the entrepreneur. Bank loans are good for financing investment in
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