Hills Like White Elephants, By Ernest Hemingway

1673 WordsMay 2, 20177 Pages
“Hills Like White Elephants,” by Ernest Hemingway: The Morality Within the Operation Ernest Hemingway created the iceberg theory, by which he expects the reader to know a great deal of information from the little he expresses in his work. This style is evident in his short story, “Hills Like White Elephants,” because the information the reader must obtain is hidden underneath the surface. This writing style often confuses the reader, but when the short story is read multiple times, the reader can connect to Hemingway’s unique use of a variety of essential elements. The relationship between the reader and the story is strengthened by the vivid imagery, appealing setting, multilayered characterization, and a deep symbolism expressed…show more content…
However, in this short story critics believe it symbolizes a prayer Rosary because of the mere fact, Hemingway includes the vivid action of Jig taking hold of only two of the strings (Oliver 203). Ironically, the reader can predict Jig practices the Catholic religion, who believe and view abortion as a devilish sin. By caressing the bead curtain Jig is praying and seeking guidance to come up with a solution to the critical decision. In his article, Stanley Kozikowski discusses the cool wind that blew the bead curtain, and the effect causes different interpretations of the American and Jig. The American interprets the wind and the abortion procedure as similar to each other, by letting the air in the young couple can get on with their lives. On the other hand, Jig interprets the wind as negativity exiting her life, whether it be the baby, the American man, or both. The setting takes place on a hot day in Spain at a train station that is in the middle of Barcelona and Madrid. The reader is informed of a waiting period of forty minutes until Jig and the American’s train arrive. In the short story, the train station is the stop before the young couple’s actual destination. They can either take a train to continue their life freely and wildly in Barcelona by going through with the abortion procedure, or by going to the Catholic country, Madrid, and live the fantasy of a happily married couple as they raise their child together.
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