Hinduism And The Middle East

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Since the beginning of time, humans have had a tireless yearning to know a divine being. For most people, this need has been filled by some type of religion. In order to develop a thorough understanding of the world’s major religions, it is important to look closely at the history, beliefs, and practices of each. There are five major religions that are practiced in the world today. Hinduism developed first, then Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and finally Islam. Hinduism and Buddhism are considered Eastern religions while Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are considered Western. Both Eastern religions began in India, although Buddhism later moved out. The Western religions each developed, at different times, in the same general geographical and cultural setting of West Asia: Judaism and Christianity, in and around the area now known as Israel, in the Middle East; Islam on the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. Hinduism is still the foremost religion in India whereas Buddhism is most common in Southeast Asia and Japan. Judaism is practiced worldwide, but the greatest majority of Jews reside in Israel, the United States, and the former Soviet Union. Christianity is the dominant religion in North America, South America, and Russia. Islam is the most dominant throughout the Middle East, including Southeast Asia and North Africa (regentsprep.org). Although these religions have sects with differing beliefs, there are certain core teachings in each. Hindus believe in

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