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Hippotherapy Analysis

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Why children with special needs feel better with hippotherapy The use of horses within a therapeutic setting can be described under four broad categories: valuing, hippotherapy, riding therapy, and riding for rehabilitation. In the article,”Why children with special needs feel better with hippotherapy sessions: a conceptual review,” by Anabel Granados and Inmaculada Fernández Agís, the authors theorized that there are two types of hippotherapy, classic and modern. Classic hippotherapy is performed with one patient and at least one therapist and a horse or a donkey. The therapist uses the three-dimensional movement of the horse’s back as an apparatus to manipulate the passive body of the patient. The treatment consists entirely of the horse’s…show more content…
“About 120 individuals were consecutively and randomly allocated to one of three groups: (T1) rhythm and music-based therapy program; (T2) therapeutic riding; or (T3) control group receiving the T1 training program a year later.”(Käll, 2012). The search criterion was limited to individuals who suffered from stroke 1 to 5 years prior to the study. By searching through hospital files, they selected people who were potentially eligible for the trial. Those who met the criteria were those who were aged 50-75 years, being in the late phase of stroke, having their own house, subarachnoid haemorrhage with initial presence of hemispheric impact/symptoms, and having an additional stroke within the past year. “The therapy program, designed to help people with injuries and diseases of the central nervous system is called Ronnie Gardiner Rhythm and Music method (RGRM™) and has since 1993 been implemented in healthcare and rehabilitation in Sweden.” (Käll, 2012).The method is based on the principle of neuroplasticity which allows the nerve cells in the brain to compensate for injury and disease and to adjust their activities in response to new situations or to changes in their environment (Medcinenet.com) , and uses rhythm, music, colour, the voice, text, shapes and movement to stimulate coordination, balance, endurance, attention, memory, body image and social interactions. (Käll, 2012). With hippotherapy, the rhythmic and repetitive walking motion of a horse resembles that of a human walking, and the many textures, sounds and sights provide an enriched environment. The concept of hippotherapy and all these different things that can be incorporated with it, such as rhythm and music, gives people that have suffered from a stoke
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