Hirschi 's Social Bonding Theory

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Hirschi’s Social Bonding theory Margaret Farnworth, Lawrence J. Schweinhart and John R. Berrueta-Clement (1985) utilize Hirschi’s social bonding theory to propose a new policy. Before discussing the policy, it is important to explain Hirschi’s social bonding theory and its implications. There are four key bonds that prevent youth from doing crimes: attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. The youth might have an attachment, or affection, towards the various components that make up a school. They might have a favorite teacher, friend or class that they would not want to lose by committing a crime. They youth might also be committed to not disappointing someone they value. Also, the time the youth is involved in social activities takes away time that can be use to pursue criminal activities. Finally, youth might believe that doing lawful activities are more important than committing crime. All these bonds are methods that society controls the individual. Even after the bonds are broken, the behaviors have been internalized through repetition. A key ingredient for the social bonding theory is the initial formation of the bonds. Youth who have low academic achievement associate school with failure and are less likely to form a bond with the school. The rational conclusion is that increasing a student 's achievement will create social bonds that will reduce crime. A simple policy proposal is to promote preschool intervention to ensure that students begin on the right
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