His 103: the Asian World Notes Essay

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1) Nationalism, socialism, and religion have all played a major role in anti-colonial struggles and post-colonial constructions in India and Southeast Asia. Which of these three ideologies do you think was most effective for colonized peoples and why?

I. Nationalism was most effective for the colonized peoples of India and South East Asia a. Both socialism and Nationalism worked together to fight against imperial rule. Nationalism brought the people of India and Southeast Asia together while Socialism went against Western ideals. b. Socialism was more effective in South East Asia, it went fully against Western colonists beliefs of capitalism and democracy. Nationalism was most effective in India to fight against
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American forces invaded Cambodia which went against their neutrality m. When the Americans started bombing in Cambodia, it pushed people to join a rebel group called the Khmer Rouge. ix. The Khmer Rouge literally go house to house searching for signs and supporters of capitalism and imperialists x. They wanted to start a new utopian society without the west, so they evacuated the cities and moved everyone out into the country. xi. They once again used communism to fight against the Americans VI. In India, there have always been divisions between religions and what makes someone a true Indian. n. During the freedom movement, Muslims and Hindus fought against each other. There were arguments over whether India should be a secular state or a Hindu state in its times of Independence. o. Now today, India is made up of multiple identities, but “if your allegiance is to India, then you are Indian”( Wood, 245). p. Religion caused turmoil for India, but as long as they all wanted the same thing as Indians, then they are able to get along today in the modern age. q. This shows that Nationalism still plays a large role in keeping India together, regardless of their diverse religious identities. Secularism

2). What we know about India and Southeast Asia is largely derived from histories, discoveries and categories created by Western imperialists and then used to explain
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