His171 Part 7, E3 Eznotes

5586 WordsApr 11, 201223 Pages
Chapter 27—The New Power Balance, 1850-1900 1. How was ocean shipping transformed by the mid-nineteenth century? a. There were more efficient, powerful engines. b. The average size of freighters increased from 200 to 7,500 tons. c. Steel hulls replaced wooden hulls. d. Propellers replaced paddle wheels. e. All of these* 2. The "annihilation of time and space," extolled by the public and the press in the late nineteenth century, referred especially to a. the development of aircraft. b. submarine telegraph cables. c. transcontinental railroads. d. the science fiction musings of H. G. Wells. e. an accurate clock 3. Most railways were built by European or American engineers with equipment from the West. The exception to this…show more content…
22. According to Marx, the end of worker exploitation would occur when a. scientific socialism was proven by the intellectuals. b. war broke down barriers of nationalism and included colonist countries. c. free democracy replaced all entrenched monarchies in Europe. d. workers, tired of being have-nots, would rise up in violent opposition to their oppressors.* e. war broke out and the Western industrialized Christian world conquered the East. 23. The most influential political idea of the nineteenth century was a. Darwinism. b. liberalism. c. existentialism. d. authoritarianism. e. nationalism.* 24. Which of the following was not an idea of liberalism? a. The sovereignty of the people. b. The need for a constitutional government. c. Freedom of expression. d. The need for a national parliament. e. Equality for all peoples.* 25. Bismarck's plan to unite most German-speaking people into a single state focused on using a. liberalism and language. b. industry and nationalism.* c. religion and conservatism. d. ethnicity and race. e. democracy and liberalism. 26. Bismarck gave the vote to all adult males to a. counteract the wealth of the aristocracy. b. ensure the equality of German elections. c. weaken the influence of middle-class liberals.* d. guarantee the loyalty of the army. e. make a show of limiting his own power. 27. Why did nationalism fail to unify Russia and Austria-Hungary? a. Their

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