Historical And Ongoing Construction Of Aboriginal Women

1968 WordsNov 24, 20148 Pages
Historical and Ongoing Construction of Aboriginal Women in Canada as a Problem Population Holly Perkins 301041410 Criminology 302 – Critical Criminology November 26, 2014 Instructor: Gregory Simmons Historical and Ongoing Construction of Aboriginal Women in Canada as a Problem Population In August of 2014, Tina Fontaine, a 15-year-old from the Sagkeeng First Nation in Winnipeg, was murdered. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s response was not to regard it as a sociological phenomenon but as a crime against an individual that should be investigated (Canadian Press, 2014). Harper is virtually alone in this. Those demanding an inquiry and the treatment of this singular murder as part of the larger concern of…show more content…
There are a variety of theories that are useful in understanding this issue. The theories that will be used here to explain the state of murdered and missing women in Canada and Harper’s response to it are societal reaction perspective and Spitzer’s Marxian theory of deviance. In order to understand the constructed identity of Aboriginal women in Canada today and in the past, it is necessary to discuss ideas of empire, including Manifest Destiny and Terra Nullius. These European concepts were and generally still form the ideology operating in Canada. Expansion of the ruling class’ empire is taken for granted and divinely supported. This is the basis for European exploration of the globe, claiming of already occupied lands and colonization of existing peoples. Manifest Destiny was the 19th Century settler belief that it was their destiny to expand throughout North America. Terra Nullius is the concept that land determined to be empty, in other words not being used productively by a civilized people, could be occupied by those Europeans who found it. Of course, both of these concepts belong to the ideology of European empire expansion which indisputably devalued the existing Aboriginal communities. The French and English settlers pushed their Christian beliefs onto Aboriginal peoples and succeeded in altering Aboriginal communities from their matrilineal nature into
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