Historical Background of Organisational Behaviour

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Historical Background of Organisational Behaviour


OB is an old concept because every civilisation has taken interest in behaviour within organisation. Rikki and Susan Phelps write, “It is an interesting phenomenon that which is touted as fundamentally ‘new management practice’ is essentially the readapting of existing ‘old management .Truths”. Fred luthans stated, “there is no question that the early practicing management pioneers, such a Henri Fayol, Henry Ford, Alfred P.sloan, and even the scientific managers at the end of the 19th century such as Frederick W.Taylor, recognised he behavioural side of management. However, they did not emphasize the
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III. Robert Owen: Owen is important in the history of OB because he was one of the first industrialist to recognize how the growing factory system demeaning to workers.


The classical contributions- who include Federick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Mary parker Follett, and Chester Barnard-laid the foundation for contemporary management practices.

This era included the following significant events and contributions:

I. Scientific Management:

His major contributions include the following:

1. He was first to notice the inefficient practices of the employees at the job. He attempted to change them.

2. He conducted time and motion studies to perform job more efficiently.

3. He described how the scientific method could be used to define the “one best way” for a job to be done.

4. To motivate workers, he favoured incentive wage plans.

5. He sought to create a mental revolution among both the workers and management by defining clear guidelines for improving production efficiency.

6. He defined these four principles of management:

• Develop a science for each element of an individual’s work. (Previously, workers used the
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