Historical Context And Background Of Mark Twain Essay

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Historical Context and Background:
Before coming towards the colonial rule and how the British took control over India resulting to what was so good or so bad about it, it is very important to know about the history of this ancient civilization of the world.
“The country of hundred nations and a hundred tongues, of a thousand religions and two million gods, cradle of the human race, birthplace of human speech, mother of history, grandmother of legend, great-grandmother of traditions, one sole country under the sun that is endowed with an imperishable interest for alien prince and alien peasant, for lettered and ignorant, wise and fool, rich and poor, bond and free, the one land that all men desire to see”. (Haswell, 1975, p. 3). The famous quote by Mark twain an American writer, depicts how the world is huge and many parts are still unknown to humankind. There are boundaries between rich and poor in which colonialism shows its power. As per India’s case this was true as the British had full control over weak India, and could treat them in any manner that they wanted to.
India, in the history books is known as the “Golden Sparrow” mostly because of its immense wealth and active trade participation since ancient times (Dalmia and Malone, 2012). In fact, India was one of the first countries to mint coins and transit from barter to the monetary system in 600 BC (Bunds, 2014).
This wealth was the biggest attraction for the British. The beginning of trade since the 17th Century
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