Historical Context. Recently, Society Is Showing Concern

1591 WordsApr 19, 20177 Pages
Historical Context Recently, society is showing concern for the rise in people having Autism and the economic costs to society. However, history shows Asperger has been known as a disorder since 1944. Autism and Asperger are not new disabilities and many people are still undiagnosed. After over 70 years, how to diagnose, treat, and understand these disabilities are still being researched. DSM-5 addressed the possible confusion of diagnosing these disorders, increased costs, and high numbers of people diagnosed with Autism by changing the criteria to a spectrum and removing Asperger’s disorder. Hans Asperger In 1944, Hans Asperger, Viennese pediatrician observed four child patients as having a personality disorder struggling with similar…show more content…
These include Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)” (Autism Research Institute, 2017, para. 2). Asperger’s Disorder (299.80 DSM-IV) criteria were as follows: The essential features of Asperger’s Disorder are severe and sustained impairment in social interaction and the development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, and activity. The disturbance must clinically show significant impairment in social, occupational, and other important areas of functioning. In contrast to Autistic Disorder, there are no clinically significant delays in language. In addition, there are no clinically significant delays in cognitive development or in the development of age- appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior, and curiosity about the environment in childhood (Autism Society, 2016, para. 9). According to Tsai (2013), “more than 3,300 cases with AspD and more than 3,700 cases with HFA/AD were identified from 1994 to 2012 serves as a strong testimony of the ability to diagnose individuals with AspD by many well trained clinicians and researchers based on DSM-IV (para. 24). The DSM publication profits millions yearly and has a lot of power, such as identifying Asperger’s disorder leading to a new identity for Aspies. There is speculation that DSM decided to revise autism disorder/Asperger’s disorder to a
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