Historical Development of Gaap

1322 Words Feb 17th, 2013 6 Pages
A Historical Look at U.S. GAAP
Lauren Hollis
Accounting Theory
Texas Woman’s University
School of Management
Dr. Pamela Baker
January 26, 2013

ABSTRACT
This paper discusses the historical development of generally accepted accounting principles through its contributing sources from 1930 to the present. U.S. Businesses had been using double entry accounting since the 1800s yet no uniform accounting practices had been introduced until the American Institute of Accountants (AIA) recommended to the New York Stock Exchange in 1932, …”five broad principles of accounting which have won fairly general acceptance…”, (Zeff, 2005, para. 4). In which, the terms “fairly present” and “in accordance with” were first used followed up with
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All opinions regarding credits and other tax reporting issues were later superseded by the FASB’s statement number 109, Accounting for Income Tax.
Many of the APB’s remaining opinions dealt with emerging issues brought about by the postindustrial economy. For instance, the board developed guidelines for intangible assets such as goodwill, the equity method of accounting for common stock, accounting for employee stock options, the reporting of extraordinary items in the income statement, and set the criteria to use pooling of interest or the purchase method in business combinations. The most controversial accomplishment of the APB was its 1970 publication Basic Concepts and Accounting Principles Underlying Financial Statements of Business Enterprises. The board’s issuance of this as a non-authoritative “standard” rather than opinion was met with negative criticism as it failed to commit to any conceptual framework solutions and reaffirmed the fundamental disagreement among members on this topic. The board was soon after dissolved and replaced by the FASB with new, independent members in 1973. Nearly all APB Opinions were superseded by FASB statements (FAS) at different points in time.
The FASB remains the authoritative source for private sector accounting practices today. The Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 restated the
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